Medieval city in Poland - about Cracow

Besides the fact that such a trip can be one of the opportunities for fun and integration with each other the whole class, it can also be an opportunity to explore the history of our country through visiting historical sights. It

Dodane: 25-05-2016 09:39
Medieval city in Poland - about Cracow

School trips to Cracow

Cracow is typically Polish, a beautiful city, which reflects the history of Polish. Therefore, all schools are trying to organize their students a trip to Cracow. Besides the fact that such a trip can be one of the opportunities for fun and integration with each other the whole class, it can also be an opportunity to explore the history of our country through visiting historical sights. It seems that such places in Cracow is so much that each teacher must choose from among them those that may long remain in the memory of his disciples. A must-visit Cracow after a walk through the market in city and listen to the bugle call from the tower of St Mary's. Hearing such a bugle call live can become for many people an unforgettable experience.


A visit to the national science centers located in Cracow

Cracow is one of the student Polish cities, because very often organizes trips to this city student, whose aim is to explore the city, exploring the history of our country also in terms of scientific and visiting universities. Some foreign students staying in Poland on an exchange or on any internship program, they also try to get to know the city, to which they came. Often they visit the nationwide research centers located in city, such as the National Center for Science and the Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In addition, they can learn the rules of research by Cracow's research units. Clearly, part of their visit is a tour of Cracow's universities.


Etymology of Vistula name

The name was first recorded by Pomponius Mela in a.d. 40 and by Pliny in a.d. 77 in his Natural History. Mela names the river Vistula (3.33), Pliny uses Vistla (4.81, 4.97, 4.100). The root of the name Vistula is Indo-European *u?eis- ?to ooze, flow slowly? (cf. Sanskrit ?????? / ave?an ?they flowed?, Old Norse veisa ?slime?) and is found in many European rivernames (e.g. Weser, Viesinta).2 The diminutive endings -ila, -ula, were used in many Indo-European languages, including Latin (see Ursula).

In writing about the Vistula River and its peoples, Ptolemy uses the Greek spelling Ouistoula. Other ancient sources spell it Istula. Ammianus Marcellinus refers to the Bisula (Book 22), note the lack the -t-. Jordanes (Getica 5 & 17) uses Viscla while the Anglo-Saxon poem Widsith refers to it as the Wistla.3 12th-century Polish chronicler Wincenty Kadłubek Latinised the rivername as Vandalus, a form presumably influenced by Lithuanian vandu? ?water?, while Jan Długosz in his Annales seu cronicae incliti regni Poloniae called the Vistula ?white waters? (Alba aqua), perhaps referring to the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka): ?a nationibus orientalibus Polonis vicinis, ob aquae candorem Alba aqua ... nominatur.?

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vistula



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